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Root Canal

Root Canal


What you need to know about Root Canal

The fragile pulp at the middle of the tooth is removed during a root canal or a dental operation. The pulp, which supports tooth growth, is made up of blood vessels, connective tissue, and nerves.

The majority of the time, a root canal will be carried out while you are sedated by a general dentist or endodontist.

Find out more about this routine treatment and its possible hazards.

When do you need a root canal?

When the pulp, the soft interior of a tooth, is hurt, inflamed, or infected, a root canal is carried out.

Even if the pulp is dead, the tooth’s crown, the portion visible above the gums, can still be intact. The greatest technique to protect the tooth’s structure is to remove damaged or infected pulp.

The following are typical reasons for pulp damage:

  • A hollow that is untreated and has deep deterioration
  • In the same tooth, many dental treatments
  • A fracture or chip in the tooth
  • A tooth injury (you could hurt your tooth if you get smacked in the mouth; even if the tooth doesn’t fracture, the pulp could still be harmed)

The most typical signs of pulp damage include tooth discomfort, swelling, and a warm sensation in the gums. To confirm the diagnosis, your dentist will examine the sore tooth and take X-rays. If your dentist determines that you require a root canal, they may recommend an endodontist.

How are root canals carried out?

A dentist’s clinic or at the hospital is where a root canal is carried out. When you show up for your appointment, a technician will accompany you to the treatment area, assist you in sitting down, and drape a bib over your neck to shield your clothing from spills.

1: Anesthetic

Your gums will be numbed by a small amount of anaesthetic placed by the dentist close to the troubled tooth. A local anaesthetic will then be injected into your gums when it has had time to take effect. A harsh pinching or burning sensation is possible, but it will pass soon.

Although you’ll be awake throughout the treatment, you won’t experience any pain thanks to the anaesthesia.

2: Pulp removal

The endodontist or general dentist will make a tiny opening in the top of your tooth once it has been completely numb. The specialist will carefully remove the contaminated or damaged pulp utilising files once it has been exposed. To thoroughly clean all the passageways (canals) in your tooth, they will take extra care.

3: Antibiotics

The dentist may apply a topical antibiotic to the area after the pulp has been removed to make sure the infection is gone and to prevent reinfection. The dentist will use gutta-percha, a sealer paste that resembles rubber, to fill and seal the tooth after the canals have been cleansed and sterilised. They might also advise oral antibiotics for you.

4: Temporary filling

A soft, temporary substance will be used to seal the tiny space in the crown of the tooth by the dentist. Saliva injury to the canals is less likely because of this sealant.

After your root canal, follow up

When the anaesthetic wears off, your teeth and gums could feel sore. Also possible are swollen gums. Most dentists will advise you to take over-the-counter painkillers like paracetamol or ibuprofen to address these symptoms. If the discomfort persists for more than a few days or becomes severe, contact your dentist.

The day after the surgery, you ought to be able to get back to your regular schedule. Till the damaged tooth is permanently filled or has a crown put on top, refrain from chewing with it.

Within a few days of the root canal, you’ll visit your normal dentist. To ensure that any infection has been treated, X-rays will be taken. They’ll also put a permanent filling in place of the temporary one.

The dentist could apply a permanent crown on the tooth if that’s what you’d want. Crowns are false teeth that can be created from gold or porcelain. A crown’s advantage is its lifelike appearance.

You might need a few weeks to adjust to the way your tooth feels following the surgery. There is no need for fear as this is usual.


Your tooth is attempted to be saved by having a root canal. The method, however, cannot always be used because the damage is too severe or the enamel is too weak. These elements may result in tooth loss.

If part of the diseased material is left behind or if the antibiotics are ineffective, there is also a danger of an abscess at the tooth’s root developing.

Consult your dentist about an extraction if you’re worried about getting a root canal. This frequently entails replacing the broken tooth with a partial denture, bridge, or implant.

What occurs following a root canal?

A root canal procedure is regarded as therapeutic. The majority of patients who get the operation are able to benefit from favourable outcomes for the rest of their lives. However, how well you take care of your teeth will determine how long the effects persist.

Your restored tooth has to be cleaned and flossed on a regular basis, just like the rest of your teeth do.