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38 Conditions T

Tailbone pain (coccydynia)

Symptoms Include:
Pain

 

Coccydynia is a painful condition that affects the coccyx. The last bone is located at the bottom of the spine (tailbone). After a few weeks, coccydynia usually improves on its own. If you’re concerned about your symptoms, see the section on when to see your doctor.

Tapeworms

Symptoms Include:
Worm in poo | Weight loss | Tummy ache | Diarrhoea

 

Tapeworms are flat, ribbon-like worms that can reside in your intestines if their eggs or young, recently hatched worms are swallowed. Tapeworm infections are uncommon in the UK, but they are very frequent elsewhere.

 

Related Conditions:
Worms in humans | Threadworms | Roundworm

Tay-Sachs disease

Symptoms Include:
Delayed development | Muscle weakness | Unable to move | Difficulty swallowing

 

Tay-Sachs disease is a rare hereditary disorder that primarily affects infants and children. It prevents nerves from functioning correctly and is usually fatal.

Teeth grinding

Symptoms Include:
Pain | Headache | Earache | Insomnia

 

Stress and anxiety are frequently linked to teeth grinding and jaw clenching. It isn’t always accompanied by symptoms. Some people experience facial pain as well as headaches. It has the potential to wear down your teeth over time. Check with your dentist to see whether you’re grinding your teeth. If you suspect it’s stress-related, see a doctor.

 

Related Conditions:
Dental problems

Temporomandibular disorder (TMD)

Symptoms Include:
Pain | Grinding joint | Reduced movement | Headache

 

TMD is a condition that affects the ‘chewing’ muscles and the joints that connect the lower jaw to the base of the skull. Consult a dentist for a diagnosis if you suspect you have TMD. If the condition isn’t caused by a dental issue, see a doctor.

 

Related Conditions:
Dental problems

Tendonitis

Symptoms Include:
Pain | Reduced movement | Cracking | Swelling

 

Tendonitis (tendonitis, for example) occurs when a tendon swells up and becomes painful as a result of a tendon injury. Mild tendon injuries can be treated at home, and you should feel better in 2 to 3 weeks.

 

Related Conditions:
Sprains and strains

Tennis elbow

Symptoms Include:
Pain | Stiffness

 

Tennis elbow is a painful ailment that affects the outside of the elbow. It usually happens as a result of overuse of the forearm muscles and tendons near the elbow joint. If the pain in your elbow persists after a few days of rest, see a doctor.

 

Related Conditions:
Sprains and strains

Testicular cancer

Symptoms Include:
Lump | Swelling | Change in shape | Pain

 

One of the less common malignancies is testicular cancer. It mostly affects men between the ages of 15 and 49. It’s critical to be mindful of what feels normal to you and to consult a doctor if your testes alter.

Testicular lumps and scrotal swellings

Symptoms Include:
Lump | Swelling

 

Although lumps and swellings in the testicles (balls) or scrotum (ballsack) are rarely harmful, they should be checked by a doctor.

Tetanus

Symptoms Include:
Muscle stiffness | Pain | Difficulty swallowing | Shortness of breath

 

Tetanus is a dangerous but uncommon disease caused by bacteria entering a wound. The UK’s childhood vaccination programme includes a highly effective tetanus vaccine. The majority of people who get tetanus haven’t been vaccinated or haven’t completed their vaccine programme.

Thalassaemia

Symptoms Include:
Tiredness | Shortness of breath | Palpitations | Pale | Fatigue

 

Thalassaemia refers to a set of hereditary disorders that impact the production of haemoglobin. The illness causes people to produce either no or insufficient haemoglobin, which is utilised by red blood cells to transport oxygen throughout the body. They may become anaemic as a result of this (tired, short of breath and pale).

The male menopause

Symptoms Include:
Mood instability | Low sex drive | Erection problems | Fatigue | Tiredness

 

When men approach their late 40s and early 50s, they may experience sadness, a lack of sex drive, erectile dysfunction, and other physical and emotional problems. If you’re suffering from any of these symptoms, or any of the others listed, see a doctor.

Thirst

Symptoms Include:
Thirst

 

It’s not normal to be thirsty all of the time for no apparent reason. You should see a doctor and find out what’s causing your symptoms. This article provides details on some of the most common reasons for thirst.

Threadworms

Symptoms Include:
Itch | Irritable | Poor sleep | Weight loss

 

Threadworms (pinworms) are little worms that live in your faeces. They’re common among kids and spread quickly. You don’t need to see your doctor when treating them.

 

Related Conditions:
Worms in humans | Roundworm | Tapeworms

Thrombophilia

Symptoms Include:
Blood clot

 

Thrombophilia is a condition in which blood has an increased tendency to clot. The majority of patients with thrombophilia have no symptoms. Only when thrombophilia forms a blood clot do symptoms appear. If you have any of the symptoms listed in the symptoms section below, see a doctor right away. If your symptoms are severe, call 999 for an ambulance.

Thrush in men

Symptoms Include:
White patches | Redness | Pain | Discharge

 

Thrush is a common yeast infection that affects men and women. Candida is a type of yeast that causes thrush. It’s normally harmless, although it might be irritating if it returns. This article contains information on male thrush.

 

Related Conditions:
Penis problems

Thyroiditis

Symptoms Include:
Weigh loss | Anxiety | Swelling | Swollen glands | Fatigue

 

Thyroiditis is a condition in which the thyroid gland swells (inflammation). Thyroid hormone levels in the blood are either abnormally high or abnormally low. The thyroid gland is located in the neck and is shaped like a butterfly. It generates hormones that regulate the growth and metabolism of the body.

 

Related Conditions:
Cancer | Overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) | Underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) | Swollen glands

Thyroid cancer

Symptoms Include:
Lump | Swelling | Swollen glands | Hoarseness

 

Thyroid cancer is a rare disease that affects the thyroid gland, a tiny gland that produces hormones at the base of the neck. If you have any of the symptoms listed below, you should see your doctor. Other illnesses can generate these symptoms. It’s critical to get any unexplained symptoms examined.

 

Related Conditions:
Cancer | Overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) | Underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) | Swollen glands

Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE)

Symptoms Include:
Temperature | Fatigue | Headache | Tiredness | Muscle pain

 

Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is a central nervous system infection caused by a virus. The virus is spread through the bite of infected ticks that live in wooded areas. It is not found in Northern Ireland, however, it is present in parts of Europe and Asia with minimal risk of infection.

 

Related Conditions:

Tics

Symptoms Include:
Tics | Twitches

 

Tics are rapid, repetitive muscular movements that result in uncontrollable body jolts or sounds. They’re quite common in children, arriving around the age of five. They can sometimes begin in maturity. Tics aren’t usually dangerous, although they can be annoying and interfere with daily activities. They usually get better with time.

Tight foreskin (phimosis and paraphimosis)

Symptoms Include:
Redness | Pain | Swelling | Reduced urine

 

The foreskin is too tight to be pushed back over the head of the penis in phimosis (glans). In babies and toddlers, phimosis is common. Unless it causes the symptoms described, it isn’t typically an issue. If your child is experiencing these symptoms, see a doctor.

 

Related Conditions:
Penis problems | Balanitis

Tinnitus

Symptoms Include:
Hear noise | Hearing loss

 

Tinnitus is a phrase used to describe hearing sounds coming from inside your head when there is no external sound. If you have tinnitus that is persistent or reoccurring, you should see a doctor.

Tongue-tie (ankyloglossia)

Symptoms Include:
Difficulty feeding | Difficulty speaking

 

Tongue-tie (ankyloglossia) is a condition in which the skin strip connecting the baby’s tongue to the floor of the mouth is shorter than it should be. If you’re worried about your baby’s feeding, see your health visitor, midwife, or GP.

Tonsillitis

Symptoms Include:
Sore throat | Difficulty swallowing | Hoarseness | Temperature

 

Tonsillitis is a bacterial illness that produces a painful throat and tonsil swelling. It can affect people of all ages, although it is more common in children under the age of five. After a few days, it normally fades away on its own. If not, get help.

 

Related Conditions:
Abscess

Toothache

Symptoms Include:
Pain

 

Toothache is pain that develops in and around the teeth and jaws as a result of tooth decay. If you have a toothache that lasts more than one or two days, make an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible. The more you wait, the more serious it will get.

 

Related Conditions:
Dental problems

Tourette’s syndrome

Symptoms Include:
Tics | Twitches

 

Tourette’s syndrome is a neurological disorder that involves uncontrollable sounds and movements (tics). If you or your child develops tics, see a doctor. Many kids have tics for months before they grow out of them. Your child does not necessarily have Tourette’s syndrome if he or she has a tic.

 

Related Conditions:
Tics

Toxic shock syndrome

Symptoms Include:
Temperature | Headache | Muscle ache | Dizziness

 

Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a rare, life-threatening illness caused by toxins released by microorganisms that enter the body. It’s frequently linked to tampon use, but it can affect both men and women. TSS progresses rapidly and can be fatal if not treated promptly.

 

Related Conditions:
Staph infection

Toxocariasis

Symptoms Include:
Cough | Temperature | Headache | Tummy ache

 

Toxocariasis is a parasitic ailment spread by roundworms. Humans can contract it by contacting infected animal faeces-contaminated soil or sand (poo). Cats, dogs, and foxes are the most common hosts of roundworm parasites. Toxocariasis is most commonly associated with young children, however, cases have been observed in persons of various ages.

Toxoplasmosis

Symptoms Include:
Temperature | Muscle ache | Tiredness | Fatigue | Nausea

 

Toxoplasmosis is a common infection that affects many people (toxoplasma). It’s spread through contaminated cat faeces or infected meat. A parasite is a biological entity that lives inside or on another one. It’s normally innocuous, but in some people, it might create major difficulties.

Transient ischaemic attack (TIA)

Symptoms Include:
Dropped face | Unable to move | Difficulty speaking | Reduced eyesight

 

When the blood supply to a portion of the brain is temporarily cut off, a transient ischemic attack (TIA) occurs. Speech difficulty and numbness in the face, arms, and legs are symptoms that are similar to those of a stroke. If you think you’re having a TIA, dial 999 right away.

 

Related Conditions:
Paralysis

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Symptoms Include:
Loss of consciousness | Headache | Vomiting  | Nausea  |  Convulsions

 

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when the brain is damaged by a sudden, external physical assault. In adults, it is one of the most common causes of disability and death. TBI is a broad term that encompasses a wide range of damage to the brain.

Trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder)

Symptoms Include:
Hair loss | Self-harm

 

Trichotillomania, sometimes known as ‘trich,’ is a condition in which a person can’t stop pulling their hair out. They may remove hair from their head or other parts of their body, such as their brows or eyelashes. It affects more girls than boys and is more common in adolescence and young adults.

 

Related Conditions:
Mental health conditions

Trigeminal neuralgia

Symptoms Include:
Pain

 

Trigeminal neuralgia is a type of facial discomfort that occurs suddenly (affecting the face). It’s typically described as sudden shooting pain in the jaw, teeth, or gums, or as an electric shock. If you have regular or persistent facial discomfort after a dentist has ruled out any dental causes, see a doctor.

Trigger finger

Symptoms Include:
Reduced movement | Pain | Abnormal joint movement

 

Trigger finger is a disorder affecting one or more tendons in the hand. This makes bending the affected finger or thumb difficult. If you suspect you have trigger finger, see a doctor. They’ll inspect your hand and provide you with treatment recommendations.

 

Related Conditions:
Sprains and strains

Tuberculosis (TB)

Symptoms Include:
Cough | Weight loss | Temperature | Night sweats

 

Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection transferred by inhaling small droplets from an infected person’s coughs or sneezes. It primarily affects the lungs, although it can also affect other body parts. Although tuberculosis is a dangerous illness, it is treatable with the correct drugs.

Tuberous sclerosis

Symptoms Include:
Fits | Learning difficulty | Behavioural problems | Skin lesions

 

Tuberous sclerosis is a rare hereditary disorder also known as tuberous sclerosis complex. It mostly causes non-cancerous (benign) tumours to form in various regions of the body. The brain, skin, kidneys, heart, eyes, and lungs are the most commonly affected organs.

Type 1 diabetes

Symptoms Include:
Dehydration | Passing a lot of urine | Weight loss | Nausea

 

Type 1 diabetes, also known as insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes, is a chronic illness in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone that allows sugar (glucose) into cells for energy production.

 

Related Conditions:

Type 2 diabetes

Symptoms Include:
Dehydration | Passing a lot of urine | Weight loss | Tiredness | Fatigue

 

Diabetes is a chronic disease in which a person’s blood sugar (glucose) level rises too high. Diabetic patients should be diagnosed as soon as feasible. This is because if it is not addressed, it will worsen.

 

Related Conditions:

Typhoid fever

Symptoms Include:
Temperature | Tummy ache | Headache | Diarrhoea

 

Typhoid fever is a bacterial infection that can infect multiple organs and spread throughout the body. It is especially common in areas of the world where sanitation is poor and clean water is scarce. It can lead to significant problems and even death if not treated promptly.

Typhus

Symptoms Include:
Headache | Temperature | Rash | Nausea

 

Typhus is a contagious disease carried by lice, fleas, and mites. It can be found in a variety of nations, however it is quite rare in the United Kingdom. Although it can be dangerous, most people who are treated rapidly recover completely.
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