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52 Conditions C

Cancer

Cancer is a broad word that describes a situation in which the body’s cells begin to grow and proliferate uncontrollably. These cells can then infiltrate healthy tissue, including organs, and destroy it. Cancer can start in one part of the body and then spread to other parts.

Carbon monoxide poisoning

Symptoms Include:
Headache | Dizziness | Nausea | Confused

 

Carbon monoxide is a deadly gas with no odour or flavour. Inhaling it can make you feel ill. If you’re exposed to high levels, it can kill you. If you suspect you’ve been exposed to carbon monoxide and are experiencing symptoms, go to the nearest emergency room right away.

Cardiomyopathy

Symptoms Include:
Shortness of breath | Tiredness | Fatigue | Swelling | Bloating

 

Cardiomyopathy is a broad term describing cardiac muscle illnesses in which the heart chamber walls have become stretched, thickened, or rigid. This has an impact on the heart’s ability to circulate blood throughout the body.

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Symptoms Include:
Numbness | Pain | Muscle wasting

 

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a condition in which a nerve in your wrist is compressed. In your hand and fingers, it produces tingling, numbness, and pain. It’s usually treatable on your own, although it can take months to get better. It affects more women than males, and it grows more frequent as you become older.

 

Related Conditions:
Hand pain

Cartilage damage

Symptoms Include:
Pain | Swelling | Stiffness | Grinding joint

 

Damage to the cartilage is a fairly common injury. It usually affects the knees, however, it can potentially impact other joints. Minor cartilage injuries may heal on their own in a matter of weeks, while more serious cartilage damage may necessitate surgery.

 

Related Conditions:
Joint pain | Sports injuries | Sprains and strains

Cellulitis

Symptoms Include:
Redness | Pain | Swelling | Temperature

 

Cellulitis is an infection of the skin’s deeper layers and beneath the surface. If not treated promptly, it can be fatal. This page explains the signs and symptoms of cellulitis, as well as when to seek medical help.

 

Related Conditions:
Staph infection

Central Pain Syndrome

Symptoms Include:
Pain

 

The central nervous system (CNS), which comprises the brain, brainstem, and spinal cord, is damaged or dysfunctional, resulting in central pain syndrome. Stroke, multiple sclerosis, tumours, epilepsy, brain or spinal cord damage, or Parkinson’s disease can all induce this syndrome.

 

Related Conditions:
Stroke | Multiple Sclerosis | Tumours | Epilepsy | Brain or Spinal cord trauma | Parkinson’s disease.

Cerebral palsy

Symptoms Include:
Developmental problems | Delayed development | Weakness | Poor coordination

 

Cerebral palsy is a term used to describe a range of lifelong conditions that impact mobility and coordination and are caused by a brain issue that happens before, during, or shortly after birth. If you have any concerns about your child’s health or development, talk to your health visitor or GP.

Cerebral small vessel disease (SVD)

Symptoms Include:
Cognitive decline  |  Dementia  |  Urinary incontinence

 

Cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) is an umbrella term for a multitude of disorders involving the brain’s small blood vessels.

 

Related Conditions:
Stroke | Dementia | Psychiatric disorder

Cervical cancer

Symptoms Include:
Vaginal bleeding | Painful sex | Discharge | Bleeding between periods

 

Cervical cancer is cancer that develops in the cervix of a woman (the entrance to the womb from the vagina). Because the symptoms aren’t always visible, it’s critical to keep your cervical screening check-ups. If you have any unusual vaginal bleeding, visit your doctor.

 

Related Conditions:
Cancer

Cervical rib

Symptoms Include:
Pain | Numbness | Muscle weakness | Pale

 

A cervical rib is an additional rib that grows from the base of the neck slightly above the collarbone, above the first rib. It normally doesn’t create difficulties, but if it presses on neighbouring nerves and blood vessels, it can induce thoracic outlet syndrome, which is a collection of symptoms.

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT)

Symptoms Include:
Poor coordination | Walking problems | Muscle weakness | Cold fingers and toes

 

Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) a peripheral nerve disease is a collection of hereditary disorders that affect the peripheral nerves (they control your muscles and other things like the sense of touch). If you suspect you’re experiencing CMT symptoms, see a doctor.

Chest infection

Symptoms Include:
Cough | Phlegm | Shortness of breath | Wheeze

 

Chest infections are frequent in the fall and winter, especially after a cold or flu. Although the majority of them are minor and go away on their own, some can be significant or even fatal.

 

Related Conditions:
Cough | Pneumonia

Chest pain

Symptoms Include:
Chest pain

 

Anything from muscle pain to a heart attack can produce chest pain, which should never be disregarded.

Chickenpox

Symptoms Include:
Rash | Temperature | Headache | Nausea

 

Chickenpox is a common childhood ailment that affects nearly every child at some point. The virus that causes chickenpox is called varicella-zoster. It spreads swiftly and easily from an infected person.

 

Related Conditions:
Blisters

Chilblains

Symptoms Include:
Inflamed | Itch | Swelling | Redness

 

Chilblains are tiny, irritating skin swellings that arise as a result of exposure to cold weather. They typically affect the extremities of the body, such as the toes, fingers, ears, and nose. Chilblains are inconvenient, but they rarely result in serious harm. If the cold is avoided, they usually heal in a few weeks.

Childhood illnesses

 

Many common child ailments can be treated at home. Your GP, pharmacist, or health visitor can also help you. It’s not always easy to recognise when a baby or toddler is gravely ill but trust your instincts. If you think your child is extremely ill, seek urgent medical care.

Cholesteatoma

Symptoms Include:
Discharge | Reduced hearing | Bad smell | Dizziness

 

A cholesteatoma is a collection of abnormal skin cells deep within your ear. They’re uncommon, but they can harm the delicate tissues within your ear that are necessary for hearing and balance if left untreated. If you’re having trouble hearing or have a watery discharge from your ear, see your doctor.

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)

Symptoms Include:
Fatigue | Tiredness | Muscle pain | Pain | Headache

 

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a long-term illness that manifests itself in a variety of ways. Extreme exhaustion is the most common symptom. ME is another name for CFS (myalgic encephalomyelitis). Anyone, even children, might be affected by the illness. Women are more likely to have it. It usually appears between the ages of 20 and 40.

Chronic kidney disease

Symptoms Include:
Fatigue | Tiredness | Swollen ankles | Shortness of breath | Blood in urine

 

Allergic rhinitis is a condition in which the inside of the nose becomes inflamed. It’s brought on by an allergic reaction to an allergen, such as pollen, dust, or animal fur. It’s a rather frequent ailment. Consult a doctor if the symptoms listed below are preventing you from performing daily tasks.

 

Related Conditions:
High blood pressure | Diabetes

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Symptoms Include:
Shortness of breath  |  Cough  |  Phlegm  |  Wheeze

 

COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is a lung illness that makes it difficult to breathe. It’s a disease that can be avoided in most cases. Although COPD cannot be cured or totally reversed, therapy can help many patients keep the disease under control.

 

Related Conditions:
Blue skin and lips (cyanosis)

Chronic Pain Syndrome

Symptoms Include:
Pain  |  Fatigue  |  Sleeping problems  | Anxiety | Depression

 

Pain that persists for more than 12 weeks despite medication or treatment is referred to as chronic or persistent pain. After an accident or operation, most people return to their normal routine. However, occasionally the pain lasts longer or appears without a history of injury or surgery.

Cirrhosis

Symptoms Include:
Jaundice | Itch | Tiredness | Fatigue | Nausea

 

Long-term liver damage causes cirrhosis, which is scarring of the liver. It obstructs the liver’s ability to function normally. It can progress to liver failure, which is when your liver stops working and can be fatal. Cirrhosis, on the other hand, normally takes years to progress to this stage. Treatment can help slow the progression of the disease.

 

Related Conditions:
Liver disease

Cleft lip and palate

Symptoms Include:
Malformation | Difficulty feeding | Reduced hearing | Speech problems

 

A cleft in the upper lip and/or roof of the mouth is a gap or split in the skin (palate). It is present from the moment you are born. Parts of the baby’s face didn’t connect together properly during growth in the womb, resulting in the gap.

Clostridium difficile

Symptoms Include:
Diarrhoea | Pain | Nausea | Temperature

 

Clostridium difficile is a bacterium (germ) that can cause diarrhoea when it infects the colon. C. difficile or C. diff is another name for it. The illness is more common in persons who have just received antibiotic treatment, but it can quickly spread to others.

Club foot

Symptoms Include:
Malformation | Difficulty walking

 

A congenital abnormality known as club foot (also known as talipes) can afflict one or both feet. Early treatment is usually effective in resolving the problem. If your child has a club foot, one or both of his or her feet will point down and inwards, with the sole facing backwards.

Coeliac disease

Symptoms Include:
Diarrhoea | Tummy ache | Wind | Bloating

 

Coeliac disease is a very frequent ailment. It’s caused by a negative reaction to gluten in the small intestine, which causes inflammation and makes it difficult to absorb nutrients. It isn’t a gluten allergy or sensitivity. It can cause diarrhoea, stomach pain, and bloating, among other symptoms.

Cognitive functioning

Symptoms Include:
Depression | Irritability | Aggression | Anxiety

 

Cognitive functioning refers to multiple mental abilities, including learning, thinking, reasoning, remembering, problem solving, decision making, and attention.

Cold sore (herpes simplex virus)

Symptoms Include:
Itch | Tingling Undefined | Skin lesions

 

Small blisters appear on the lips or around the mouth and are known as cold sores. The herpes simplex virus is to blame. Cold sores normally go away on their own in 10 to 14 days if they aren’t treated.

Colour vision deficiency (colour blindness)

Symptoms Include:
Reduced eyesight

 

Colour vision deficit makes it difficult for people to recognise and distinguish between different colours. Although total colour blindness (the inability to see any colour) is extremely rare, it is commonly referred to as “colour blindness.

Common cold

Symptoms Include:
Cough | Runny nose | Sore throat | Sneezing

 

A cold is a viral infection that affects the nose, throat, sinuses, and upper respiratory tract. It’s a common infection that normally goes away after a week or two. It’s unlikely to be serious if you’re fit and healthy. Cold symptoms can be alleviated with the use of pain relievers.

 

Related Conditions:

Compartment syndrome

Symptoms Include:
Pain | Burning | Tingling | Reduced sensation

 

Compartment syndrome is a debilitating and potentially fatal illness. It’s caused by bleeding or swelling within a muscular compartment, which is a closed bundle of muscles. If you think you might be suffering from acute compartment syndrome, seek medical help right away (see symptoms section).

Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS)

Symptoms Include:
Pain | Numbness | Sensitive to touch | Tingling

 

Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a poorly understood disorder in which a person suffers from intense and debilitating pain for an extended period of time. If you have continuous discomfort that prevents you from performing daily tasks, you should consult your doctor.

Concussion

Symptoms Include:
Headache | Dizziness | Nausea | Confused

 

A concussion is a brief brain injury induced by a head knock, blow, or jolt. It only lasts a few days or weeks in most cases. Despite the fact that it occasionally necessitates emergency care and that some people may experience long-term consequences (see the section on when to call 999).

Congenital heart disease

Symptoms Include:
Fast heartbeat | Shortness of breath | Blue lips and tongue | Difficulty feeding

 

A heart problem or defect that develops in the womb, before a baby is born, is known as congenital heart disease. After the infant is born, this can have an impact on how the heart functions. One of the most prevalent types of birth defects is congenital heart disease.

 

Related Conditions:
Blue skin and lips (cyanosis)

Conjunctivitis

Symptoms Include:
Sticky eye | Redness | Discharge

 

The thin layer of tissue that covers the front of the eye is reddened and inflamed by conjunctivitis. It’s a rather frequent ailment. Conjunctivitis is commonly referred to as “red eye.” Conjunctivitis, including its causes, symptoms, and treatment, is discussed on this page.

 

Related Conditions:
Red eye

Constipation

Symptoms Include:
Constipation | Change in bowel habit | Pain | Bloating

 

Constipation affects people of all ages and is very common. You can typically treat it at home by making modest dietary and lifestyle modifications.

Contact dermatitis

Symptoms Include:
Redness | Blistering | Dry skin | Cracking

 

Contact dermatitis is an eczema triggered by coming into contact with a certain chemical. Eczema is a term used to describe a range of disorders that cause itchy and dry skin. If you experience persistent, frequent, or severe contact dermatitis symptoms, see your doctor.

 

Related Conditions:
Eczema

Corns and calluses

Symptoms Include:
Thickened skin | Pain

 

Corns and calluses are thickened hardened skin patches. When the skin is subjected to a lot of pressure or friction, they form. They’re most common on the feet, and they can be painful. If you have them on your feet, seek treatment from a podiatrist (chiropodist).

Coronary heart disease

Symptoms Include:
Chest pain | Fast heartbeat | Shortness of breath | Nausea

 

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a leading cause of death in the UK, as well as the rest of the world. Ischaemic heart disease is another name for CHD. If you suspect you’re experiencing a heart attack, dial 999 for emergency medical assistance (see heart attack symptoms).

 

Related Conditions:
Ischaemic heart disease

Costochondritis

Symptoms Include:
Pain

 

Inflammation (swelling) of the cartilage joints at the end of the cartilages that link your ribs to your breastbone is known as costochondritis (sternum). Costochondritis can improve on its own after a few weeks, but it can sometimes continue for months or even years.

 

Related Conditions:
Chest pain

Cough

Symptoms Include:
Cough

 

Coughs usually go away on their own after three weeks. A visit to the doctor is typically unnecessary.

Coughing up blood (blood in phlegm)

Symptoms Include:
Blood  |  Cough

 

Coughing up blood might be scary, but it isn’t always a symptom of something dangerous. It’s more likely to create concern as you get older, especially if you smoke. If you cough up blood, you should see your doctor as soon as possible.

 

Related Conditions:
Vomiting blood (haematemesis)

COVID-19

Symptoms Include:
Infection  |  Cough | Fatigue  |  Nausea | Diarrhoea | Blocked nose | Runny nose | Headache | Shortness of breath | loss or change to your sense of smell or taste

 

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus.

Most people infected with the virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment. However, some will become seriously ill and require medical attention. Older people and those with underlying medical conditions like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, or cancer are more likely to develop serious illnesses. Anyone can get sick with COVID-19 and become seriously ill or die at any age.

 

Related Conditions:

Cradle cap

Symptoms Include:
Flaking scalp | Scaly skin | Skin lesions | Thickened skin

 

Cradle cap is a greasy, yellow scaly patch that appears on the scalps of infants and toddlers. It commonly appears in babies within the first two months of life and goes away on its own after a few weeks to months.

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)

Symptoms Include:
Memory loss | Mood change | Poor coordination | Difficulty speaking

 

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a deadly brain disease that affects only a few people. It causes progressive brain damage that worsens over time.

Crohn’s disease

Symptoms Include:
Diarrhoea | Pain | Tiredness | Weight loss

 

Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel illness that affects the lining of the digestive tract. It is a rare occurrence. Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel illness that can affect people of all ages, including children.

Croup

Symptoms Include:
Cough | Hoarseness | Shortness of breath | Wheeze

 

Croup affects children between the ages of 6 months and 6 years, with the majority of cases occurring during their second year. Antibiotics will not help because it is caused by a virus. It usually results in a barking cough that resembles that of a seal. It’s usually minor, but if your child seems ill, you should see a doctor.

Cushing’s syndrome

Symptoms Include:
Weight gain | Bruising | Swollen ankles | Acne

 

Cushing’s syndrome is a disease characterised by an excess of the hormone cortisol in the body. If it isn’t addressed, it can be serious. If you develop signs of Cushing’s syndrome, consult a doctor, especially if you’re on steroids.

Cuts and grazes

Symptoms Include:
Blood

 

The majority of grazes and cuts are small. They are simple to treat at home. Usually, all that is required is to stop the bleeding, clean the wound properly, and cover it with a plaster or dressing. Within a few days, minor wounds should start to heal.

Cystic fibrosis

Symptoms Include:
Cough | Weight loss | Diarrhoea

 

Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease that causes thick, sticky mucus to clog the lungs and digestive tract. From an early age, it can cause breathing and gastrointestinal problems. The lungs grow increasingly damaged over time and may eventually cease to function correctly.

Cystitis

Symptoms Include:
Pain peeing | Tummy ache | Peeing more | Need to pee

 

A bladder infection commonly causes cystitis, which is inflammation of the bladder. It’s a frequent sort of urinary tract infection (UTI), especially in women, and it’s usually more of a bother than a major problem.

 

Related Conditions:
Blood in urine (haematuria) | Urinary tract infections in adults | Urinary tract infections in children | Smelly urine
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