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24 Conditions R

Rabies

Symptoms Include:
Temperature | Headache | Confused | Mood instability

 

Rabies is an extremely rare yet deadly brain and nerve infection. It’s spread via a bite or scratch from an infected animal, most commonly a dog.

Raynaud’s

Symptoms Include:
Pale | Numbness | Pain | Tingling

 

Raynaud’s syndrome is a common occurrence that seldom results in serious complications. Keeping warm is a common way to relieve the symptoms. It’s possible that it’s a symptom of something more serious.

 

Related Conditions:
Blue skin and lips (cyanosis)

Reactive arthritis

Symptoms Include:
Joint pain | Stiffness | Swollen joints | Red eye

 

Reactive arthritis is a disorder in which the body’s joints, particularly the knees, foot, toes, hips, and ankles, become red and swollen (inflammation).

 

Related Conditions:
Joint pain

Rectal bleeding

Symptoms Include:
Blood

 

Small amounts of bright-red blood on toilet paper or a few droplets that tint the water in the toilet pink are common signs of rectal bleeding (bleeding from the bottom). Rectal haemorrhage should be monitored on a regular basis. Don’t let fear or shame keep you from seeing a doctor.

 

Related Conditions:
Anal fissure

Red-eye

Symptoms Include:
Red-eye

 

Red eye can be frightening, but it’s usually simply an indication of a small eye problem. If it hurts, it could be a sign of something more serious. If your red-eye doesn’t improve after a few days, consult a doctor.

Reflux in babies

Symptoms Include:
Vomiting | Crying a lot | Hiccups | Cough

 

Reflux occurs when a baby brings up milk during or immediately after a meal. If your baby is bringing up their feeds, it’s normal to be concerned that something is wrong with them. Reflux, on the other hand, is fairly common and normally goes away by the time your infant is a year old.

Repetitive strain injury (RSI)

Symptoms Include:
Pain | Stiffness | Numbness | Muscle weakness

 

Repetitive strain injury (RSI) is a broad term for the discomfort caused by repetitive action and overuse in muscles, nerves, and tendons. It’s also known as non-specific upper limb discomfort or work-related upper limb disease.

 

Related Conditions:
Sprains and strains

Restless legs syndrome

Symptoms Include:
Urge to move | Itch | Pain | Muscle spasm

 

Restless legs syndrome is a frequent nervous system disorder. It makes you feel compelled to move your legs. Women are twice as likely as males to suffer from restless legs syndrome. Although the symptoms, which are listed below, can appear at any age, it is more common in middle age.

Restricted growth (dwarfism)

Symptoms Include:
Height abnormality

 

Dwarfism, or restricted growth, is a condition in which a person’s height is abnormally small. The majority of people do not have any additional serious issues and are able to enjoy a pretty regular life with a typical lifespan.

Retinal detachment

Symptoms Include:
Floaters | Blurred vision | Reduced eyesight

 

When the thin sensory lining of your eye (the retina) begins to tear away from the rear of the eye, this is known as retinal detachment. It has the potential to make the affected eye blind. If you experience sudden visual issues, you should consult a doctor immediately.

Retinal migraine

Symptoms Include:
Reduced eyesight | Headache | Flashes | Blurred vision

 

Ocular migraine (retinal migraine) is a type of migraine that affects the eyes. It causes temporary blindness or vision impairments in one eye, such as flashing lights. These assaults can be alarming, but they’re usually harmless and only last a few minutes. What to do if your eyesight suddenly deteriorates can be found in the medical guidance section.

Retinoblastoma (eye cancer in children)

Symptoms Include:
White pupil | Squint | Reduced eyesight | Red eye

 

Retinoblastoma is a rare type of eye cancer that can affect young children (usually under five years of age). If it’s picked up early, retinoblastoma can often be successfully treated (children treated for retinoblastoma diagnosed at an early stage have a survival rate of more than 95 per cent).

Rett syndrome

Symptoms Include:
Muscle weakness | Difficulty feeding | Developmental problems | Difficulty walking

 

Rett syndrome is a rare hereditary condition that disrupts brain development and causes significant mental and physical disabilities. Rett syndrome affects some children more severely than others. In addition, the age at which symptoms initially develop differs for each child.

Reye’s syndrome

Symptoms Include:
Vomiting | Tiredness | Fatigue | Shortness of breath | Seizures

 

Reye’s syndrome is an uncommon condition that can harm the liver and brain. It may result in permanent brain injury or death if not treated promptly. It is primarily a problem for youngsters and young people. If you suspect your child has it, seek medical help as soon as possible.

Rhesus disease

Symptoms Include:
Pale | Jaundice | Muscle weakness

 

Antibodies in a pregnant woman’s blood damage her baby’s blood cells, causing rhesus disease. Rhesus disease does not harm the mother, but it can cause anaemia and jaundice in the newborn.

 

Related Conditions:
Anaemia | Jaundice

Rheumatic fever

Symptoms Include:
Temperature | Inflamed joints | Rash | Shortness of breath

 

After a bacterial throat infection, rheumatic fever is an extremely unusual complication that can develop. It can cause joint pain as well as heart difficulties. The majority of patients recover completely, although it is possible that it will recur (see the section on when to see your doctor).

 

Related Conditions:
Joint pain

Rheumatoid arthritis

Symptoms Include:
Pain | Stiffness | Swelling | Inflamed joints

 

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease that causes joint pain, swelling, and stiffness. Adults of any age can be affected, however, it most usually begins between the ages of 40 and 50. Women are three times as likely as males to be affected.

 

Related Conditions:
Joint pain

Rheumatoid Vasculitis

Symptoms Include:
Pain | Stiffness | Skin sores | Eye pain | Loss of feeling

 

Rheumatoid vasculitis is an inflammation of the blood vessels caused by rheumatoid arthritis. It occurs in certain persons with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who have had it for a long period. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune illness. An issue with the immune system causes an autoimmune disease. The immune system’s job is to keep the body healthy and free of disease.

 

Related Conditions:
Joint pain

Rickets and osteomalacia

Symptoms Include:
Pain | Bowed legs | Problems with teeth | Height abnormality

 

Rickets is a disease that affects a child’s bone development. It results in bone discomfort, slowed growth, and soft, brittle bones, which can lead to abnormalities. If your child exhibits any of the rickets symptoms, take them to the doctor.

Ringworm

Symptoms Include:
Rash

 

Ringworm is a common fungal illness that causes a ring-like rash on the skin that can be either red or silvery. Ringworm is most usually found on the arms and legs, but it can arise on any part of the body. Ringworm, despite its name, has nothing to do with worms.

Rosacea

Symptoms Include:
Redness | Rash | Spots | Inflamed

 

Rosacea is a chronic skin disease that primarily affects the face. Long-term treatment can help control it to some extent. Changes in physical appearance can have a major psychological influence on some people. If you experience chronic symptoms that could be caused by rosacea, you should consult a doctor.

Roseola

Symptoms Include:
Rash  |  Runny nose  |  Temperature  | Sore throat

 

Roseola is a common viral infection that primarily affects children under the age of five. For a few days, it usually causes a fever and a patchy rash. Roseola is usually minor, and you can care for your child at home. Within a week, they should be back to normal.

Roundworm

Symptoms Include:
Temperature | Cough | Shortness of breath | Wheeze

 

Roundworms may live, feed, and breed in the human intestine. If you find a roundworm in your faeces (poo) or have unexplained asthma-like symptoms after visiting a tropical or sub-tropical region, see a doctor.

 

Related Conditions:
Worms in humans | Threadworms | Tapeworms

Rubella

Symptoms Include:
Rash | Swollen glands | Temperature | Cough

 

Rubella (German measles) is caused by a virus. Because of the efficacy of the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) immunisation programme, which has high vaccination rates in the United Kingdom, it is now uncommon. If you suspect you or your child has rubella, see a doctor.

 

Related Conditions:
Measles | Mumps
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