Piriformis Syndrome what is it?
Piriformis syndrome is a rare neuromuscular condition caused by compression of the sciatic nerve by the piriformis muscle. The piriformis muscle is a flat, band-like muscle found towards the top of the hip joint in the buttocks. Because it stabilises the hip joint and elevates and rotates the thigh away from the body, this muscle is vital in lower body movement. We can walk, shift our weight from one foot to the other, and maintain balance because of this. It’s also employed in sports that require lifting and turning the thighs, in other words, practically every hip and leg motion.
In the body, the sciatic nerve is a thick and lengthy nerve. It runs beside or through the piriformis muscle, down the back of the thigh, and splits into smaller nerves that terminate in the foot. The piriformis muscle can spasm, causing nerve compression.