What is Compartment Syndrome?
Compartment syndrome (CS) is a dangerous condition that arises when a muscular compartment is under a lot of pressure.
Compartments are groups of muscle tissue, blood vessels, and nerves in your arms and legs that are surrounded by the fascia, a very strong membrane. Because fascia can not expand, swelling in a compartment might result in an increase in compartment pressure. Inside the compartment, this causes harm to the muscles, blood vessels, and nerves.
The blood supply to the compartment can be isolated as pressure increases. Ischemia (a lack of oxygen reaching the tissues) and cellular death can follow (necrosis).