Achalasia is a rare gastrointestinal condition (oesophagus). It may be difficult to swallow meals and liquids as a result of this. Achalasia symptoms might appear at any stage in one’s life (see symptoms section). You will be referred to the hospital for tests if your doctor suspects you have achalasia.
Acanthosis nigricans is a condition that causes dry, black patches of skin to form in the armpits, neck, and groyne. It should be checked by a doctor because it could be a sign of an underlying condition.
Symptoms Include: Pain | Numbness | Muscle weakness | Pale
A cervical rib is an additional rib that grows from the base of the neck slightly above the collarbone, above the first rib. It normally doesn’t create difficulties, but if it presses on neighbouring nerves and blood vessels, it can induce thoracic outlet syndrome, which is a collection of symptoms.
Coughing up blood might be scary, but it isn’t always a symptom of something dangerous. It’s more likely to create concern as you get older, especially if you smoke. If you cough up blood, you should see your doctor as soon as possible.
The influenza virus causes flu, which is a contagious sickness. It happens once a year, generally in the winter. It is critical that you protect yourself and others from the flu by assisting in the prevention of the virus’ transmission and, if eligible, receiving the flu vaccine.
Glandular fever is an infection caused by a virus. It can affect persons of all ages, although the majority of instances occur in teenagers and young adults aged 15 to 24.
Head and neck cancer
Sneezing | Runny nose | Blocked nose | Itch
Cancer of the head and neck is a very uncommon cancer. If any of the symptoms listed are alarming you, see a doctor. It’s improbable that you’ll develop cancer, but if you do, getting a diagnosis as soon as possible can save your life.
Joint pain is a frequent condition that can have a variety of causes. However, it’s frequently due to an injury or arthritis. Joint discomfort that worsens over time is frequently a marker of osteoarthritis in elderly adults. If you have persistent osteoarthritis symptoms, see a doctor.
The inflammation (swelling) of your vocal box is known as laryngitis (the larynx). Infection or injury to the larynx is the most common cause. It usually improves on its own in one to two weeks without therapy. If your symptoms are severe or haven’t improved after two weeks, see your doctor.
A kind of cancer that affects the larynx (voice box) is known as laryngeal cancer. If you’ve had any of the main symptoms for more than three weeks, consult a doctor. Other disorders can produce the same symptoms, so it’s a good idea to have them looked out for.
Symptoms Include: Pain | Swelling | Temperature | Headache
The mumps virus causes a contagious sickness known as mumps. Prior to the advent of the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccination, it was very frequent among youngsters. If you suspect you or your kid has mumps, see your doctor very away to get a diagnosis.
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a frequent sleep disorder. During sleep, the walls of the throat relax and thin, causing this condition. This causes you to stop breathing normally. As a result, your sleep may be disrupted on a frequent basis. If you suspect you might have OSA, talk to a doctor about the symptoms listed.
Snoring | Obesity | Night sweats
Oesophageal atresia and Tracheo-oesophageal fistula
Oesophageal atresia is an uncommon birth abnormality in which the upper oesophagus (the tube that transports food from the mouth to the stomach) does not join the lower oesophagus. This is frequently associated with a Tracheo-oesophageal fistula, which is an improper connection between the oesophagus and the windpipe (trachea).
The oesophagus (gullet) – the lengthy tube that delivers food from the throat to the stomach – is affected by oesophagal cancer. If you have any of the symptoms listed below, you should see your doctor. They could be caused by a variety of things, but getting them checked out is a smart idea.
PV is a rare but serious disorder that causes painful blisters to form on the skin and lining of the mouth, nose, throat, and genitals. If you develop severe or recurring blisters or sores in your mouth or on your skin, see a doctor to have your symptoms assessed.
After a bacterial throat infection, rheumatic fever is an extremely unusual complication that can develop. It can cause joint pain as well as heart difficulties. The majority of patients recover completely, although it is possible that it will recur (see the section on when to see your doctor).
Rash | Sore throat | Headache | Temperature
Scarlet fever is a bacterial infection that affects primarily youngsters. The rash is a characteristic pink-red colour.
When a soft cushion of tissue between the bones in your spine pulls out, it’s called a slipped disc. If it presses on nerves, it hurts. Rest, light exercise and medicines usually help it get better gradually.
Although the advantages of sports and exercise much exceed the hazards, accidents can occur from time to time.
Sprains and strains
Sprains and strains
Symptoms Include: Pain | Swelling | Bruising | Reduced movement
Sprains and strains of the muscles and ligaments are common injuries. They can affect anyone, but they are more common in athletes. The majority of illnesses can be treated at home without the need to see a doctor.
Sore throats are fairly frequent, and they are usually not a cause for concern. They usually improve within a week. The majority of them are caused by simple illnesses like colds or flu, which may be treated at home.
In most cases, swollen glands indicate that the body is fighting an illness. They normally improve on their own after two to three weeks. They can occasionally be an indication of a more serious condition. Check out the tips below to see if you need to see your doctor.
Swallowing problems (dysphagia)
The medical word for trouble swallowing is dysphagia. Dysphagia affects people in different ways. Some have trouble swallowing particular foods or drinks, while others are unable to swallow at all. If you’re having trouble swallowing, you should consult a doctor.
Thyroid cancer is a rare disease that affects the thyroid gland, a tiny gland that produces hormones at the base of the neck. If you have any of the symptoms listed below, you should see your doctor. Other illnesses can generate these symptoms. It’s critical to get any unexplained symptoms examined.
Thyroiditis is a condition in which the thyroid gland swells (inflammation). Thyroid hormone levels in the blood are either abnormally high or abnormally low. The thyroid gland is located in the neck and is shaped like a butterfly. It generates hormones that regulate the growth and metabolism of the body.
Vitiligo is a long-term skin disorder in which pale spots appear. The lack of pigment (melanin) in the skin causes it. It can affect any part of the body, although it most usually affects the face, neck, and hands.
Symptoms Include: Cough | Runny nose | Red eye | Sore throat
Pertussis (whooping cough) is a highly contagious bacterial chest infection. It produces frequent coughing fits and can make newborns and little children very sick. The number of instances has risen in recent years. However, because of a vaccination programme that can protect babies and children from the disease, it is still uncommon.