What you need to know about Concussion
A concussion is a brief brain injury brought on by a head hit, blow, or jolt. In most cases, it typically lasts a few days or weeks. Although it occasionally requires emergency care and certain people may experience longer-lasting issues (see the section on when to call 999).
Concussions are the most typical and mildest form of traumatic brain injury. The Latin verb concutere, which means “to shake violently,” is where the phrase originates. The most frequent cause of a concussion is a sudden, direct blow or jolt to the head.
According to NICE, 1.4 million patients in England and Wales visit emergency rooms each year after suffering a recent head injury. Children under the age of 15 make up between 33% and 50% of this group. Every year, over 200,000 patients with brain injuries are admitted to hospitals for head injuries sustained during recreational and sporting activities. Other reasons include fighting, falls, work-related injuries, vehicle and bicycle accidents, and mishaps at work.
Your brain moves inside your skull as a result of the hit or abrupt jolt. Additionally, interfering with your brain’s electrical signals also causes the release of substances that alter how your brain normally functions. It is believed that in some concussed individuals, the tiniest blood vessels in the brain may also have suffered microscopic damage.
Falling (particularly from a height), car accidents, and injuries sustained while participating in sports including football, rugby, American football, skiing, boxing, and cycling are the most frequent causes of concussions.
Minor head injury, minor brain injury, and minor traumatic brain injury are additional names for concussion.