Achalasia is a rare gastrointestinal condition (oesophagus). It may be difficult to swallow meals and liquids as a result of this. Achalasia symptoms might appear at any stage in one’s life (see symptoms section). You will be referred to the hospital for tests if your doctor suspects you have achalasia.
Chest pain | Poor concentration | Dizziness | Passed out | Shortness of breath
When one of the heart valves thickens and doesn’t open correctly, it’s called aortic stenosis. The aortic valve can be damaged over time, usually over a long length of time. People above the age of 65 are more likely to develop aortic stenosis. There are usually no symptoms, and a cardiologist is usually the one to diagnose it.
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening disorder in which the lungs are unable to give enough oxygen to the body’s important organs. It’s frequently a side effect of a major medical condition. By the time they acquire ARDS, the majority of victims have already been admitted to the hospital.
Angina is chest pain caused by a reduction in blood supply to the heart muscle. It usually occurs as a result of the hardening and narrowing of the arteries (blood vessels) supplying the heart. Angina is a very prevalent condition. As you become older, your chances of developing angina increase. It affects more men than women.
Asbestosis is a dangerous lung disease that can last a lifetime. Long periods of asbestos exposure are the cause. If you experience any of the symptoms listed in the symptoms of asbestosis section and believe you may have been exposed to asbestos, visit a doctor.
Asthma is a chronic lung disease that causes coughing, wheezing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. Inflammation of the tiny tubes that carry air into and out of the lungs causes it. Asthma can strike at any age, including youngsters and the elderly.
Atrial fibrillation is a heart ailment in which the heart rate is erratic and often abnormally fast. If you observe a sudden change in your heartbeat that makes you feel sick or if you have chest pain, contact a GP right away or contact the GP’s out-of-hours service.
Breast cancer is a disease that can affect both men and women. In the United Kingdom, it is nearly 100 times less prevalent in men than in women. It mainly affects men over the age of 60, however, it can also affect younger men on rare occasions. If you have any of the symptoms listed, you should see a doctor.
Breast lumps are frequent and can be caused by a variety of factors. Although the majority of lumps aren’t cancerous, any odd changes in the breasts should be evaluated by a doctor as soon as possible. Breast cancer can affect men as well, however, it is considerably less common in men than in women.
COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is a lung illness that makes it difficult to breathe. It’s a disease that can be avoided in most cases. Although COPD cannot be cured or totally reversed, therapy can help many patients keep the disease under control.
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a leading cause of death in the UK, as well as the rest of the world. Ischaemic heart disease is another name for CHD. If you suspect you’re experiencing a heart attack, dial 999 for emergency medical assistance (see heart attack symptoms).
Inflammation (swelling) of the cartilage joints at the end of the cartilages that link your ribs to your breastbone is known as costochondritis (sternum). Costochondritis can improve on its own after a few weeks, but it can sometimes continue for months or even years.
Coughing up blood might be scary, but it isn’t always a symptom of something dangerous. It’s more likely to create concern as you get older, especially if you smoke. If you cough up blood, you should see your doctor as soon as possible.
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease that causes thick, sticky mucus to clog the lungs and digestive tract. From an early age, it can cause breathing and gastrointestinal problems. The lungs grow increasingly damaged over time and may eventually cease to function correctly.
The medical name for pus pockets that have formed inside a bodily cavity is empyema (space). They can form if a bacterial infection is left untreated or if it does not respond to treatment completely. Empyema is a dangerous condition that necessitates immediate medical attention (see symptoms below).
A heart attack is a life-threatening medical condition. It occurs when the blood supply to the heart is unexpectedly interrupted, generally by a blood clot. If the blockage is not removed quickly, the lack of blood delivered to the heart can irreversibly damage the heart muscle.
Heart palpitations and ectopic beats
fast heart beat | fast heartbeat
The heart fails to properly pump blood around the body, resulting in heart failure. This is frequently due to a weak or stiff heart. It can strike anyone at any age, although it strikes the elderly the most frequently.
Hidradenitis Suppurativa (HS) is a chronic skin disorder that causes pain. It leads to skin abscesses and scars. It’s unclear what causes hidradenitis Suppurativa. It commonly develops around sweat glands near hair follicles, such as in the groyne, buttocks, breasts, and armpits.
Lung cancer is a kind of cancer that is both common and deadly. Lung cancer is the fourth most prevalent cancer in men and the third most common cancer in women in the UK. If you have any of the symptoms listed below, you should see your doctor.
Lupus is a long-term illness known as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Inflammation of the joints, skin and other organs is caused by it. Although there is no cure, early therapy can help to alleviate symptoms.
Mesothelioma is cancer that originates in the lining that covers the outer surface of some organs in the body. Asbestos exposure is frequently the cause. If you have any persistent or concerning symptoms, visit a doctor (see symptoms section).
Nipple discharge isn’t always indicative of something serious. However, it’s a good idea to see a doctor just in case (see symptoms in the ‘when to see your doctor’ section).
Pericarditis is an inflammation of the pericardium, the sac that surrounds your heart and protects it. Chest discomfort is the most common symptom. Pericarditis is usually not a life-threatening condition. However, it’s critical to rule out more dangerous conditions like a heart attack. Call 999 if you have chest pain and are feeling ill.
Persistent trophoblastic disease and choriocarcinoma
Pleurisy is a condition in which the tissue between the lungs and the ribcage becomes inflamed. If you develop chest pain or other pleurisy symptoms, visit a doctor. Pleurisy is usually diagnosed based on the symptoms you’re experiencing.
Pulmonary hypertension is a condition in which the blood vessels that supply the lungs have high blood pressure (pulmonary arteries). It’s a dangerous condition that can harm the heart’s right side. If you have any signs of pulmonary hypertension, visit a doctor.
After a bacterial throat infection, rheumatic fever is an extremely unusual complication that can develop. It can cause joint pain as well as heart difficulties. The majority of patients recover completely, although it is possible that it will recur (see the section on when to see your doctor).
Symptoms Include: Cough | Runny nose | Red eye | Sore throat
Pertussis (whooping cough) is a highly contagious bacterial chest infection. It produces frequent coughing fits and can make newborns and little children very sick. The number of instances has risen in recent years. However, because of a vaccination programme that can protect babies and children from the disease, it is still uncommon.